CYBERCOM is located in Fort Meade, Maryland; approved in 2009 and completed in 2010, offering the military close proximity to NSA resources and arguably the reason Obama proceeded to play musical chairs with the heads of CIA and Defense in 2011. The facility was established largely in response to Chinese data-mining operations such as Titan Rain which have devastated all the Windows boxen in D.C. and seized terabytes of military data, including detailed plans for the Joint Strike Fighter. CYBERCOM incorporated much of DISA (Wikipedia Link), and DISA was previously responsible for the maintenance of SIPRNET, the secure TCP/IP network from which Manning allegedly lifted the cables. SIPRNET has approximately half a million users; most are in the U.S. but access is shared with AUSCANNZUKUS/"Five Eyes" states.
E17 insisted, in the decade after 9/11, on turning its sensors inward, investing in surveillance against its own citizens instead of defenses against external threats such as the massively-scaled intrusion attacks successfully carried out by the Chinese government, which relies for its cyber capabilities not on bloated federal contractors but on teams recruited through monthly "hack-offs". (Citation needed)
USCYBERCOM is a sub-unified command subordinate to U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM). Service Elements include Army Forces Cyber Command (ARFORCYBER); 24th USAF; Fleet Cyber Command (FLTCYBERCOM); and Marine Forces Cyber Command (MARFORCYBER).
- September 18, 2007: Air Force Cyber Command (Provisional) established
- November 12, 2008: Secretary of Defense releases a memo regarding developing cyberspace forces
- February 2009: Air Force Space Command is made the Air Force’s lead Major Command for cyber
- June 23, 2009: Secretary of Defense releases a memo establishing U.S. Cyber Command
- July 1, 2009: Air Force Cyber Command (Provisional) deactivated upon activation of 24th AF
- August 18, 2009: 24th AF is activated as the component command to U.S. Cyber Command
- September 2009: U.S. Cyber Command issues an implementation plan
- October 1, 2009: ARCYBER reaches Initial Operational Capability; MARFORCYBER reaches Initial Operational Capability; First Joint Cyber Analysis Course for enlisted Navy Cryptologic Technician Network and other services’ equivalents convenes; Air Force Cyberspace Support enlisted specialties established; Navy FCC/10th FLT planned to have been established
- January 2010: 24th AF reaches Initial Operational Capability; Navy FCC established
- April 2010: Air Force Cyberspace Defense and Cyberspace Control Officer specialties established
- May 21, 2010: U.S. Cyber Command reaches Initial Operational Capability
- June 2010: First class of Air Force Under Graduate Cyber Warfare Training course convenes
- October 1, 2010: October 1, 2010: 24th AF reaches Full Operational Capability; ARCYBER reaches Full Operational Capability; Navy FCC reaches Full Operational Capability
- October 31, 2010: U.S. Cyber Command reaches Full Operational Capability
- November 2010: Air Force Cyberspace Defense enlisted specialty established
- February 2011: First class of Air Force Intermediate Network Warfare Training course convenes
- No later than Q4-FY 2013: Estimated completion of MARFORCYBER Full Operational Capability
Timeline excerpted from a May 2011 GAO report on CYBERCOM. Note that this encompasses only military and not intelligence involvement.
New Cyber COCOM Likely 6.3.09